What is neuro-ophthalmology?

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As a sub-specialty of both neurology and ophthalmology, neuro-ophthalmology covers a wide range of specific visual problems that are related to the nervous system – visual problems that do not originate with the eyes themselves.

We use almost half of the brain for vision-related activities, including sight and moving the eyes. Neuro-ophthalmology, a subspecialty of both neurology and ophthalmology, requires specialized training and expertise in problems of the eye, brain, nerves and muscles.

Examples of Neuro-ophthalmic Conditions

There are a wide variety of neuro-ophthalmic conditions, including:

  • Abnormal eye movements (ophthalmoparesis or nystagmus)
  • Double vision
  • Intracranial lesions affecting the visual pathway
  • Ischemic optic neuropathy
  • Migraine and related visual complaints
  • Optic disc swelling (Papilledema or papilloedema)
  • Optic neuritis and other optic nerve problems
  • Pupillary abnormalities
  • Unexplained vision loss
  • Visual field defects

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